toddler boy puts arms around dad
Who Is Being Served?

By Emerging Models

Home visiting programs receive local, private, state, and federal funding to support services delivered through emerging models. The information below quantifies and describes families served through emerging home visiting models in 2021, regardless of how the services were funded.

These data are separate from those included in the National Profile (which focuses on families served through evidence-based models). Twelve emerging models provided data about the families they serve. (Source: Emerging models represented in the data include Arizona Health Start Program, AVANCE Parent-Child Education Program (PCEP), Baby TALK, Early Steps to School Success (ESSS), First Born Program, HealthConnect One’s Community-Based Doula Program, High Risk Perinatal Program (HRPP), Maternal Infant Health Outreach Worker Program (MIHOW), Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP), ParentChild+, Team for Infants Exposed to Substance use (TIES) Program, and Welcome Baby. See the [methodology section]( for more details on the selection of emerging models. )Go to footnote #>1

According to the data received—

home visits were provided (including virtual visits)
families received home visiting
children received home visiting

Of the more than 600,000 home visits provided, at least—


were virtual visits

Families Served by Emerging Home Visiting Models: Child Characteristics



<1 year 63
1–2 years 30
3–5 years 7
Health insurance status


Public 75
Private 23
None 2
Primary language


English 63
Spanish 27
Another language 10

Source: Data provided by emerging models. See the [methodology section]( for more detail by variable.

Examples of “Another language” included Amharic, Arabic, Cantonese, Dari, Farsi, French, Hmong, Khmer, Korean, Mandarin, Somali, Tagalog, Twi, and Vietnamese.

Families Served by Emerging Home Visiting Models: Family Characteristics

Caregiver age Percentage
≤21 years 9
22–29 years 38
30–44 years 50
≥45 years 2
Race Percentage
American Indian/Alaska Native 2
Asian 5
Black 16
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander <1
White 33
Multiple 3
Another race 41


Hispanic or Latino 52
Caregiver education


No high school diploma 23
High school diploma/GED 36
Some college/training 25
Bachelor’s degree or higher 16
Household income


Low income 86

Source: Data provided by emerging models. See the [methodology section]( for more detail by variable.

Examples of “Another race” include Hispanic. Israelite, Latina/x, and Middle Eastern/North African.