Multiracial family snuggles with their newborn while sitting on the couch
Who Is Being Served?

By Emerging Models

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2023 Yearbook

Home visiting programs receive local, private, state, and federal funding that support services delivered through emerging models. The information below quantifies and describes families served through emerging home visiting models in 2018, regardless of how the services were funded.

These data are separate from those included in the national profile (which focuses on families served through evidence-based models). Of the nine emerging models we contacted for the 2019 Yearbook, nine provided data about the families they serve. (Source: Models represented in the emerging models numbers include Baby TALK, Following Baby Back Home, HealthConnect One’s Community-Based Doula Program, Maternal Infant Health Outreach Worker Program (MIHOW), Nurses for Newborns, Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP), ParentChild+, Team for Infants Exposed to Substance abuse (TIES) Program, and Welcome Baby. See the [methodology section]( for more details on the selection of emerging models.)Go to footnote #>1

home visits provided
families served
children served

Families Served by Emerging Home Visiting Models: Child Characteristics



1 year 61
1–2 years 33
3–5 years 5
Health insurance status


Public 91
Private 8
None <1
Primary language


English 55
Spanish 35
Other 10

Source: Data provided by emerging models. See our methodology section for more detail by variable.

Families Served by Emerging Home Visiting Models: Family Characteristics

Caregiver age
≤ 21 years 8
22–29 years 40
30–44 years 47
≥ 45 years 5
American Indian/Alaska Native 1
Asian 6
Black 18
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander <1
White 22
Multiple 3
Other 51


Hispanic or Latino 53
Caregiver education


No high school diploma 30
High school diploma/GED 41
Some college/training 21
Bachelor’s degree or higher 9
Household income


Low income 83

Source: Data provided by emerging models. See our methodology section for more detail by variable.