Baby girl sits on giant floor map and smiles up at the camera

State & Tribal Profiles


Models implemented in California included Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up, Early Head Start Home-Based Option, Family Connects, Family Spirit, Healthy Families America, Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters, Nurse-Family Partnership, Parents as Teachers, and SafeCare/SafeCare Augmented. Statewide, 217 local agencies operated at least one of these models.

home visits provided
families served
children served


72% Hispanic or Latino

Caregiver Education

40% No high school diploma

Child Age

33% <1 year

58% 1-2 years

9% 3-5 years

Child Insurance Status

86% Public

8% Private

7% None

Primary Language

56% English

39% Spanish

5% Another language

Potential Beneficiaries

In California, there were 2,203,600 pregnant women and families with children under 6 years old not yet in kindergarten who could benefit from home visiting. These families included 2,894,300 children.

2,894,300 children could benefit from home visiting

Of the 2,894,300 children who could benefit —

2,203,600 families could benefit from home visiting

Many home visiting services are geared toward particular subpopulations. The NHVRC estimated the percentage of families who could benefit in California who met the following targeting criteria:

  • Child <1 19%
  • Single mother 23%
  • Parent with no high school diploma 11%
  • Pregnant woman or mother <21 3%
  • Low income 24%

Of the 2,203,600 families who could benefit —

51% of families met one or more priority criteria

21% of families met two or more priority criteria

NHVRC State Profiles present data provided by evidence-based models, which include both MIECHV and non-MIECHV data. • Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding. • Public insurance includes Medicaid, CHIP, and TRICARE. • Low income is defined as family income below the federal poverty threshold. • Single mothers include single, never married mothers or pregnant women. • ABC reports children served, families served, and home visits only. • EHS data may be underreported. Data include EHS programs providing home-based services only. EHS race, ethnicity, and primary language data include children and pregnant caregivers. EHS does not report home visits or families served. The number of children served was included as a proxy for families served. • Family Connects reports families served only. The number of families served was included as a proxy for children served. • Family Spirit reports children served, families served, and home visits only. • HFA reports primary language of caregivers. • PAT data for child insurance status and primary language are not included. • In 2018, SafeCare/SafeCare Augmented met standards of evidence as determined by HomVEE. This profile includes SafeCare/SafeCare Augmented (SafeCare) data. SafeCare does not report the number of children served. The number of families served was included as a proxy for children served. SafeCare does not report caregiver education, child age, or child insurance status.