Mother in military clothing kisses her son's cheek as he smiles
Who Is Being Served?

By Emerging Models

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2023 Yearbook

Home visiting programs receive local, private, state, and federal funding to support services delivered through emerging models. The information below quantifies and describes families served through emerging home visiting models in 2019, regardless of how the services were funded.

These data are separate from those included in the national profile (which focuses on families served through evidence-based models). Of the 10 emerging models we contacted for the 2020 Yearbook, 9 provided data about the families they serve. (Source: Models represented in the emerging models numbers include Baby TALK, Early Steps to School Success (ESSS), HealthConnect One’s Community-Based Doula Program, Maternal Infant Health Outreach Worker Program (MIHOW), Nurses for Newborns, Parent-Child Assistance Program (PCAP), ParentChild+, Team for Infants Exposed to Substance abuse (TIES) Program, and Welcome Baby. See the [methodology section]( for more details on the selection of emerging models.)Go to footnote #>1

home visits provided
families served
children served

Families Served by Emerging Home Visiting Models: Child Characteristics



<1 year 59
1–2 years 30
3–5 years 11
Health insurance status


Public 78
Private 20
None 2
Primary language


English 57
Spanish 24
Other 19

Source: Data provided by emerging models. See our [methodology section]( for more detail by variable.

Families Served by Emerging Home Visiting Models: Family Characteristics

Caregiver age
≤ 21 years 10
22–29 years 46
30–44 years 42
≥ 45 years 1
American Indian/Alaska Native 3
Asian 9
Black 33
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander <1
White 43
Multiple 4
Other 8


Hispanic or Latino 48
Caregiver education


No high school diploma 25
High school diploma/GED 37
Some college/training 22
Bachelor’s degree or higher 16
Household income


Low income 92

Source: Data provided by emerging models. See our [methodology section]( for more detail by variable.