Parents as Teachers
Parents as Teachers (PAT) aims to increase parent knowledge of early childhood development, improve parenting practices, provide early detection of developmental delays and health issues, increase children’s school readiness and school success, and prevent child abuse and neglect. The four components of the model (home visits, group connections, child screenings, and resource network) all focus on parent-child interaction, development-centered parenting, and family well-being.
What is the model’s approach to providing home visiting services?
Home visits take place based on each family’s experiences and stressors. Families with one or fewer designated experiences and/or stressors should receive at least 12 visits each year. Those with two or more designated experiences and/or stressors should receive at least 24 visits each year. Programs are designed to deliver services for at least 2 years. Families may enroll at any time prenatally through kindergarten.
PAT serves all families with young children. Some local programs have specific eligibility requirements.
Who is implementing the model?
PAT was implemented by 4,450 home visitors in 2021. Most home visitors (73 percent) have a bachelor’s degree or higher. The model requires a high school diploma or GED plus 2 years of experience working with young children and/or parents for home visitors. The model recommends home visitors complete approximately 40 visits per month. On average, home visitors have a caseload of 18 families.
PAT was implemented by 744.2 full-time equivalent supervisors in 2021. The model recommends a bachelor’s or master’s degree and 5 years of experience working with young children and families for supervisors.
Where is the model implemented?
PAT operated in 934 local agencies across 48 states and the District of Columbia in 2021. PAT also operated outside the United States and its territories in Canada, Germany, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom in 2021.
Families Served Through Evidence-Based Home Visiting in 2021
5% American Indian/Alaska Native
<1% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
2% Another race
31% Hispanic or Latino
69% Not Hispanic or Latino
19% No HS diploma
81% HS diploma or higher
10% ≤21 years
65% Low-income status
Child insurance status
17% <1 year
43% 1-2 years
40% 3-5 years
Languages spoken at home
5% Another language