Parents as Teachers
Parents as Teachers (PAT) aims to increase parent knowledge of early childhood development, improve parenting practices, provide early detection of developmental delays and health issues, increase children’s school readiness and school success, and prevent child abuse and neglect. The four components of the model (home visits, group connections, child screenings, and resource network) all focus on parent-child interaction, development-centered parenting, and family well-being.
What is the model’s approach to providing home visiting services?
Home visits take place based on a family’s level of need. Families with one or fewer high-needs characteristics receive at least 12 visits each year. Those with two or more characteristics receive at least 24 visits each year. Programs are designed to deliver services for at least 2 years. Families may enroll at any age through kindergarten, but PAT recommends families initiate services prenatally.
PAT serves all families with young children. Some local programs have specific eligibility requirements.
Who is implementing the model?
PAT was implemented by 4,528 home visitors in 2020. Most home visitors (73 percent) have a bachelor’s degree or higher. The model requires a high school diploma or GED plus 2 years of experience working with young children and/or parents for home visitors. Home visitors typically maintain a caseload of 15 to 22 families, depending on the families’ level of need.
PAT was implemented by 752 full-time equivalent supervisors in 2020. The model recommends a bachelor’s or master’s degree and 5 years of experience working with young children and families for supervisors.
Where is the model implemented?
PAT operated in 932 local agencies across 48 states and the District of Columbia in 2020. PAT also operated outside the United States and its territories in Canada, Germany, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom in 2020.
Families Served Through Evidence-Based Home Visiting in 2020
5% American Indian/Alaska Native
<1% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
3% Another race
30% Hispanic or Latino
70% Not Hispanic or Latino
19% No HS diploma
81% HS diploma or higher
11% ≤21 years
66% Low-income status
Child insurance status
18% <1 year
44% 1-2 years
37% 3-5 years
Languages spoken at home
6% Another language