What makes a family join a home visiting program and what makes them stay? Maybe a friend or family member told them to sign up. Perhaps the home visitor said something that really resonated on their first visit or brought a helpful resource. According to noted researcher Jon Korfmacher, Ph.D., the literature provides a clear rationale for why families should be part of a home visiting program, but it is less clear on what impacts their decisions to participate.
Despite these gaps in knowledge, “engagement is everything,” Dr. Korfmacher says. Home visitors have only themselves and the curriculum they are carrying to inspire families to grow. A lot rests, he says, on their ability to convince the parent that spending time with them is worth it.
Enrolling and engaging families is challenging. A 2017 brief released by the Administration for Children and Families’ Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation cited research* indicating that—
- Up to 40 percent of families invited to enroll in home visiting programs chose not to do so
- 25 to 50 percent of families may leave home visiting programs early
How can we improve these numbers? In 2015, the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Technical Assistance Coordinating Center listed characteristics* associated with higher or lower enrollment and engagement. For example—
- Participants are more likely to accept services when assessed for program eligibility in person instead of by phone.
- Families tend to complete more visits if their home visitor has a similar background or comes from the same culture.
- Participants are more likely to drop out if their home visits are short, disruptive, or stray too far from child development issues.
Another key engagement question is what it means for a family to leave services before they finish a program. According to Dr. Korfmacher, researchers and program staff have been trained to see this as a problem. But what if, he wonders, families can get the support they need in fewer visits or a shorter amount of time?
To bridge the gap in current knowledge, the field needs more innovative methods to examine home visiting practice and how it relates to family engagement, dosage, and outcomes. Those efforts, Dr. Korfmacher says, are “key to supporting home visitors in their work and improving the quality of home visiting programs.”
*Please see the original document for citations.