Benchmark–An indicator of how a program is performing. The Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV) requires awardees to report on six benchmark areas: improvements in maternal, newborn, and child health; prevention of child injuries, child abuse, neglect, or maltreatment and reduction of emergency department visits; improvements in school readiness and child academic achievement; reductions in crime or domestic violence; improvements in family economic self-sufficiency; and improvements in the coordination and referrals for other community resources and supports.

Early childhood–Birth to age 5.

Evidence based–Proven to be effective through rigorous research. MIECHV requires awardees to use most of their MIECHV funds to implement one or more home visiting models that meet U.S. Department of Health and Human Services criteria for evidence of effectiveness.

Fidelity–The extent to which an intervention is implemented as intended by its developers.

Home visiting–A service delivery approach designed to meet families where they are by providing voluntary, individualized support in their home or another preferred location.

Home visitor–A trained staff person who provides services to families who are expecting a baby or have a young child. Home visitors are often nurses, social workers, or early childhood specialists.

Local implementing agency (LIA)–An organization that offers home visiting services in a community.

Promising approach–A program model that has demonstrated positive results but does not yet have enough evidence to qualify as evidence based.

State agency–An organization that administers home visiting programs and qualifies for federal funds.