Remote Use of Individual Growth and Development Indicators (IGDIs) for Infants and Toddlers




Charles R. Greenwood, Susan Higgins, Meaghan McKenna, Jay Buzhardt, Dale Walker, Jun Ai, Dwight W. Irvin, and Nikki Grasley-Boy

Brief Type

Journal Publication



Universal screening and progress monitoring are evidence-based practices in early intervention/early childhood special education (EI/ECSE). Individual Growth and Development Indicators (IGDIs) for infants/toddlers are measures that programs can use for universal screening, progress monitoring, intervention decision-making, and accountability. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, IGDIs were administered and scored exclusively in person by certified early educators. Because of COVID-19, EI/ECSE practitioners could no longer conduct in-person assessments. We report how two early intervention programs implemented IGDIs using remote protocols that included (a) preparation of parents for IGDI administration at home, (b) session observation by program staff using videoconferencing, and (c) remote coding of the child’s performance by program staff when interacting with a parent/caregiver play partner using the standard toy set. The remote protocols are described, and uptake by the programs is compared before and during the pandemic. Equivalence of children’s scores from in-person versus remote protocols is reported, as well as caregivers’ and program staff’s preferences. Implications for remote early childhood services are discussed. (author abstract)

Data Collection Methods

  • Standardized assessment tools
  • Surveys or questionnaires



For More Information

Greenwood, C. R., Higgins, S., McKenna, M., Buzhardt, J., Walker, D., Ai, J., Irvin, D. W., & Grasley-Boy, N. (2022). Remote use of Individual Growth and Development Indicators (IGDIs) for infants and toddlers. Journal of Early Intervention, 44(2), 168–189. https://doi.org/10.1177/10538151211057552
Author Contact Information:
Charles R. Greenwood


  • Program Enhancements, Innovations, and Promising Approaches