Relationships Between Low-Income African American Mothers and Their Home Visitors: A Parents as Teachers Program




Tara N. Woolfolk and Donald G. Unger

Brief Type

Journal Publication


  • Parents as Teachers (PAT)


Relationships that developed between low-income African American mothers and home visitors in a Parents as Teachers program were studied. Qualitative open-ended interviews were conducted with mothers. Results indicated that even though the program was designed to deliver the same curriculum to all parents, there were differences in the focus of the visits. Mothers actively made efforts to shape the focus of the mother-home visitor relationships. Diversity within mother-home visitor relationships was associated with the fit between a mother’s perceptions of her home visitor and home visiting services and her parenting needs. Implications are provided for enhancing the responsiveness of home visiting programs to the needs of low-income African American parents and for conducting program evaluations in ways that assess home visiting programs in the context of diverse parent-home visitor relationships. (author abstract)

Data Collection Methods

  • Interviews



For More Information

Woolfolk, T. N., & Unger, D. G. (2009). Relationships between low-income African American mothers and their home visitors: A Parents as Teachers program. Family Relations, 58(2), 188–200. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3729.2008.00546.x
Author Contact Information:
Tara N. Woolfolk


  • Program Quality, Continuous Quality Improvement, and Fidelity
  • Participant Recruitment, Retention, Engagement, and Dosage