Promoting Compliance in Children Referred to Child Protective Services: A Randomized Clinical Trial




Teresa Lind, Kristin Bernard, Heather A. Yarger, and Mary Dozier

Brief Type

Journal Publication


  • Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up (ABC)


Early experiences of maltreatment have long-term negative effects on children’s compliance. This randomized clinical trial examined whether a brief preventative intervention (Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up; ABC) was effective in enhancing compliance in children who had been referred to Child Protective Services. Participants included 101 parent–child dyads who received either ABC or a control intervention when children were infants (M = 9.4 months old, SD = 6.1). When children were approximately 36 months old (M = 38.5, SD = 3.0), ABC children demonstrated significantly better compliance than control children. Further, parent sensitivity, measured 1 month post intervention when children were, on average, 18.4 months old (SD = 6.9) partially mediated the effect of ABC on child compliance at 36 months old. (author abstract)

Data Collection Methods

  • Parent-child observations
  • Standardized assessment tools



For More Information

Lind, T., Bernard, K., Yarger, H. A., & Dozier, M. (2019). Promoting compliance in children referred to child protective services: A randomized clinical trial. Child Development. Advance online publication. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13207.
Author Contact Information:
Teresa Lind


  • Participant, Family, and Program Outcomes