Intervention Effects on Negative Affect of CPS-Referred Children: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial




Teresa Lind, Kristin Bernard, Emily Ross, and Mary Dozier

Brief Type

Journal Publication


  • Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up (ABC)


Exposure to early adversity places young children at risk for behavioral, physiological, and emotional dysregulation, predisposing them to a range of long-term problematic outcomes. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) is a 10-session intervention designed to enhance children’s self-regulatory capabilities by helping parents to behave in nurturing, synchronous, and non-frightening ways. The effectiveness of the intervention was assessed in a randomized clinical trial, with parents who had been referred to Child Protective Services (CPS) for allegations of maltreatment. Parent-child dyads received either the ABC intervention or a control intervention. Following the intervention, children from the ABC intervention (n=56) expressed lower levels of negative affect during a challenging task compared to children from the control intervention (n=61). (author abstract)

Data Collection Methods

  • Home Visit Observations
  • Parent-child observations



For More Information

Lind, T., Bernard, K., Ross, E., & Dozier, M. (2014). Intervention effects on negative affect of CPS-referred children: Results of a randomized clinical trial. Child Abuse & Neglect, 38, 1459–1467.
doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.04.004
Author Contact Information:
Teresa Lind


  • Participant, Family, and Program Outcomes