Title

A Community-Based Home Visitation Program’s Impact on Birth Outcomes

Date

2016

Author(s)

Yuqing Guo, Pamela Pimentel, Jared Lessard, Julie Rousseau, Jung-Ah Lee, Yvette Bojorquez, Michele Silva, and Ellen Olshansky

Type of Product

Journal publication

Model(s)

  • Other Models

Description

Background: MOMS Orange County is a coordinated home visitation program in which trained paraprofessional home visitors work under the close supervision of registered nurses. This model was developed to address health disparities in birth outcomes in a Hispanic community in Orange County, CA. Purpose: The primary objective was to test the impact of MOMS Orange County on birth outcomes. The second objective was to examine the breadth of prenatal health education topics as a mediator of the relationship between home visits and birth outcomes. Methods: A retrospective cohort design was used. Paraprofessional home visitors collected prenatal and postnatal data during home visits. Only those whose birth outcomes were obtained were included in the analysis (N = 2,027 participants). Regression models were conducted to test the associations between prenatal home visits and birth outcomes, adjusting for 10 covariates. Results: Number of prenatal home visits predicted higher birthweight and greater gestational age at birth. Breadth of health education topics partially mediated the associations between home visits and birthweight. The same mediation was revealed with gestational age at birth. Clinical Implications: The MOMS Orange County prenatal home visitation program may be a promising approach to decrease adverse birth outcomes in disadvantaged communities. Rigorously designed studies are needed to further test this model. (author abstract)

Data Collection Methods

  • Program administrative record reviews
  • Standardized assessment tools

Status

Finished

For More Information

Guo, Y., Pimentel, P., Lessard, J., Rousseau, J., Lee, J.-A., Bojorquez, Y., . . . Olshansky, E. (2016). A community-based home visitation program’s impact on birth outcomes. The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, 41(1), 16–23. http://doi.org/10.1097/NMC.0000000000000203
Author Contact Information:
Yuqing Guo
gyuqing@uci.edu

Topics

  • Participant, Family, and Program Outcomes
  • Program Enhancements, Innovations, and Promising Approaches